Several visa by investment categories: EB-5 (immigrant), E-2 (renewable non-immigrant), L-1 (temporary non-immigrant)
EB-5 visa is designed for immigrants seeking to enter the US to engage in a commercial enterprise that will benefit the economy and create or save at least 10 full-time jobs. The investor applies for a conditional permanent residence (green card), valid for two years. At the end of this period, upon approval that the jobs really were created, the investor receives a permanent green card, and can apply for full citizenship 3 years later.
For the EB-5 immigrant, the freedom to retire on a full- or part-time basis and the ability to qualify for US naturalization.
E-2 visa is for those who want to live in the US through establishing a new business or purchasing an existing business and who do not want or have resources to invest in the EB-5 category to become permanent residents; may be issued for up to 5 years and be renewed as long as the business activities continue
- Investment capital can come from a gift, inheritance, business ownership or any other lawful activities/Inclusion of spouses and dependent children below age 21/The right to spend prolonged periods or immigrate with their immediate families.
- For the E-2 non-immigrant, the freedom to choose to be taxed as a US resident or non-resident
- For E-2 visa, the amount of the investment is not fixed but should be substantial ($100,000+) for the growth of the company, must be made with personal funds, and have the objective of generating a profit
For L-1 visa, a joint venture is created for the US company and $450,000 is invested. Visa holder must be employed on full-time basis with the company; however, does not have to be working in the US on a full-time basis and can divide work between the US and another country.